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クリミア情勢 国際圧力でロシア軍撤収迫れ

The Yomiuri Shimbun March 07, 2014
International community must pressure Russia to remove troops from Crimea
クリミア情勢 国際圧力でロシア軍撤収迫れ(3月7日付・読売社説)

Russia has taken full military control of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea in Ukraine. International pressure must be stepped up on Russia, which has infringed on the sovereignty of a foreign country.
 ロシアがウクライナのクリミア自治共和国を軍事的に掌握した。他国の主権を侵害したロシアに対し、国際社会は圧力を強めねばならない。

Russia should pull its troops out of Crimea immediately.
 ロシアは直ちに展開した部隊を撤収すべきである。

U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry has conferred with Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov in Paris, the first foreign ministerial meeting between the two countries since the collapse of the former Ukraine government. They remained apart on the issue, as Kerry called for the withdrawal of Russian troops, but Lavrov refused the demand.
 ケリー米国務長官はロシアのラブロフ外相とパリで会談した。ウクライナ政変後初の米露外相の直接交渉だったが、ロシア軍の撤収を求める米側の主張に露側が応じず、議論は平行線をたどった。

U.S. President Barack Obama has announced a plan to study economic and diplomatic sanctions against Russia. His administration has also taken steps to restrict the entry into the United States of people whom it accuses of threatening Ukraine’s sovereignty. Attention is now focused on what economic sanctions Washington will adopt.
 オバマ米大統領は、ロシアへの「経済的、外交的手段」の検討を表明している。主権侵害に関与した人物への入国制限などの措置を取ったが、さらにどのような経済制裁を行うかが焦点となろう。

The European Union, for its part, has entered into discussions on concrete steps to be taken against Russia.
 一方、欧州連合(EU)も具体的な措置の協議に入った。

The economic relationship between Europe and Russia is profound, with Europe importing natural gas from Russia. Germany and Britain are wary of economic sanctions, while Poland and other Eastern European countries that formerly belonged to the Soviet-led Eastern bloc during the Cold War are insisting on hard-line measures toward Russia. It is uncertain whether the European countries will be able to iron out their differences and agree on stern sanctions.
 欧州は、天然ガスを輸入するなど、ロシアとの経済関係が深い。ドイツや英国は経済制裁に慎重だ。ポーランドなど旧東側陣営諸国は、強硬策を主張している。足並みをそろえて厳しい措置で合意できるかは不透明である。

A summit meeting of the Group of Eight major powers is scheduled for June in Sochi, Russia. Japan and six other G-8 members, excluding Russia, have lashed out at Moscow, saying Russia has violated Ukraine’s sovereignty and territorial integrity, thereby threatening the holding of the summit meeting.
 ロシア・ソチでは6月に主要8か国首脳会議(G8サミット)が予定されているが、ロシアを除く日本など7か国は「ウクライナの主権と領土の一体性に違反した」とロシアを強く非難した。首脳会議の実施が危ぶまれる状況だ。

Russia is being increasingly isolated from the international community.
 ロシアは孤立を深めている。

Putin refutes criticism

Russian President Vladimir Putin has brushed aside international criticism as groundless, even denying Russia’s military deployment in Crimea. Regarding wider military intervention in Ukraine, Putin has said it will not be necessary for now.
 プーチン・ロシア大統領は、クリミアでのロシア軍展開自体を否定して、国際的非難には根拠がないとの立場だ。ウクライナへの軍事介入についても「今のところ必要はない」と述べている。

He apparently believes that Russia has achieved its purpose for the moment, now that it has Crimea under its control.
 クリミアを事実上、支配下に置いたことで当面の目的は達成したと考えているのだろう。

A referendum will be held in Crimea on March 16 to decide whether the autonomous republic should become part of Russia. Given the fact that Russian-affiliated people account for a majority of the republic’s population, it is most certain that pro-integration votes will prevail. Russia is expected to go ahead with the integration of Crimea once the results are known.
 クリミアでは、今月16日に、ロシアへの編入の是非を問う住民投票が行われることになった。ロシア系住民が多いため、編入支持の結果が出るのは確実である。ロシアは、それを受けて、併合に突き進むつもりではないか。

Japan cannot sit back and watch Russia’s actions. If the United States and Europe implement sanctions, Japan will have no alternative but to go along with them eventually. However, it is also true that Japan wants to avoid deterioration in its relations with Moscow, which would adversely affect bilateral negotiations over the return of the four islands off eastern Hokkaido that have been held by Russia since the end of World War II.
 日本も、ロシアの行動を座視してはいられない。米欧が制裁に踏み切れば、最終的に同調せざるを得まい。ただ、日露関係が悪化し北方領土交渉に影響を及ぼす事態は避けたいのも確かだ。

While the United States and other countries have canceled plans to send government officials to the Paralympics opening in Sochi on Friday, Japan will send Yoshitaka Sakurada, a senior vice minister of education, culture, sports and science and technology.
 ソチで開幕するパラリンピックに、米国などが政府代表団派遣をとりやめる中、日本は桜田義孝文部科学副大臣を派遣する。

Chief Cabinet Secretary Yoshihide Suga said, “A prudent stance must be taken about bringing the political situation to the Paralympics.”
 菅官房長官は、「パラリンピックに政治状況を持ち込むことには慎重であるべきだ」と述べた。

It is imperative for Tokyo to carry out strategic diplomacy based on maintaining cooperation with the United States and Europe.
 日本は、米欧との協調を軸とした戦略的外交が問われよう。

(From The Yomiuri Shimbun, March 7, 2014)
(2014年3月7日01時23分 読売新聞)
[PR]

by kiyoshimat | 2014-03-09 09:36 | 英字新聞

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