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エジプトデモ―民主化宣言し流血避けよ

2011/01/29
--The Asahi Shimbun, Jan. 28
EDITORIAL: Egyptian turmoil
エジプトデモ―民主化宣言し流血避けよ

Demonstrations to try to force Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak to step down are spreading across Egypt. There have already been several casualties in confrontations between demonstrators and the security police.
 エジプトでムバラク大統領の退陣を求める市民のデモが広がった。治安部隊との衝突で死傷者も出ている。

In Cairo, a clash occurred near the Museum of Egyptian Antiquities (Egyptian Museum), which holds the world-famous gold mask of King Tutankhamen.
 カイロで衝突があったのは、ツタンカーメンの黄金のマスクで有名なエジプト考古学博物館のそばである。

We are surprised at these uprisings in a place known in Japan as a tourist destination.
 日本人にも観光地として人気があるエジプトで、このような騒ぎになっていることは驚きである。

But the country has been under the thumb of Mubarak's authoritarian regime for three decades. Mubarak, a former military officer, has had five consecutive terms.
 しかし政治的には、軍人出身のムバラク大統領が5期30年に及ぶ長期の強権体制をしいている国である。

Throughout that whole period, the country has been in a state of emergency, which was declared immediately after the assassination of President Anwar El Sadat, Mubarak's predecessor, in 1981. Citizens are not free to hold rallies, freedom of speech is controlled, and people who criticize the administration can be detained without an arrest warrant.
 1981年に前任のサダト大統領の暗殺直後に出された非常事態宣言が今も続く。そのため人々の集会は規制され、言論の自由も制限され、政権を批判すれば逮捕状なしで拘束される。

In parliamentary elections last fall, major opposition groups decided to boycott the elections halfway through the campaign because of blatant interference by the police in the electoral process.
As a result, the parliament is almost completely dominated by the ruling party.
 昨秋にあった人民議会選挙では、警察の露骨な選挙干渉によって、主要野党勢力が選挙を途中でボイコットし、与党が議席をほぼ独占している。

Egypt also faces an unemployment rate of nearly 10 percent, growing poverty, prices rising at nearly 20 percent a year and a widening gap between the rich and the poor. There is growing discontent at corruption among the leadership centering on the president.
 非民主的な体制に加えて、10%近い失業率、年率20%近い物価上昇で貧困や貧富の差が広がる。さらには大統領周辺の腐敗に対する不満も強い。

In Tunisia, demonstrations led to the collapse of an authoritarian regime and sent the president into exile. A similar situation is also developing in Egypt.
 市民のデモで大統領が国外に脱出して強権体制が崩れたチュニジアと似たような状況がエジプトにもある。

The people of Egypt are facing an even worse situation than the Tunisians.
 エジプトの民衆の窮状はより深刻である。

The per capita national income of Egypt, which has a population of 80 million, is only 60 percent of that of Tunisia, which has 10 million people.
人口8千万を抱えるエジプトの1人あたりの国民所得は、人口1千万のチュニジアの6割しかない。

Mubarak's term expires this fall.
 ムバラク大統領は今秋に改選を迎える。

There are rumors that he wants to hand over the presidency to his son.
息子への世襲のうわさもある。

However, there is strong criticism in Egypt of either the prospect of the 82-year-old president, who has had health problems, seeking re-election or of a nepotistic succession.
国民の間では、82歳の高齢で健康不安を抱える大統領の続投にも、世襲にも批判が強い。

The Mubarak regime is at a critical juncture.
 このように見ていくと、ムバラク体制を取り巻く状況は、危機的と言わざるをえない。

Egypt has diplomatic ties with Israel and has a friendly relationship with the United States. It also serves as a go-between for Arab nations and a mediator in the Middle East peace process.
 エジプトはイスラエルとも国交がある親米国家で、中東和平やアラブ諸国間の仲介役、調整役でもある。

Political turmoil in this regional power could destabilize the whole Middle East.
そんな地域大国の政治的混乱は、中東の不安定化につながりかねない。

To prevent the situation in Egypt from getting out of control, bloodshed must be avoided at all costs. We must not have a situation in which security forces and police are aiming guns at their own people.
 エジプトを最悪の事態にしないためには、治安部隊や軍が市民に銃を向けるような流血の悲劇は何があっても避けなければならない。

The only way forward is for Mubarak to announce that he will retire when his current term expires. He must declare a free and democratic election to choose the next president.
 そのためには、ムバラク大統領が任期満了で引退を表明し、次の大統領を選ぶ自由で民主的な選挙の実施を宣言するしかないのではないか。

If the government uses force, Islamic terrorists will win the people's hearts.
 政府が暴力を使えば、イスラム過激派のテロが人々の心をつかむ。

If it treads a democratic path, it can win over Muslim moderates who support participation in elections.
民主主義による解決を進めれば、選挙参加を支持するイスラム穏健派を政治に取り込むことができる。

We want Mubarak to go down in history as the leader who introduced democracy to Egypt, not as the dictator who suppressed it.
 ムバラク大統領には民主化をつぶした独裁者としてではなく、エジプトに民主化をもたらした指導者として歴史に名を残してもらいたい。

Japan is one of the main providers of aid to Egypt.
 日本はエジプトに対する主要援助国の一つである。

The Japanese government should work with Western countries to persuade the Mubarak regime to make the right choice for its country and its people.
欧米諸国とも相談しつつ、国と国民の将来のために賢い選択をするよう働きかけたい。
[PR]

by kiyoshimat | 2011-01-31 06:05 | 英字新聞

国債の格下げ 財政再建の前進で信認回復を

The Yomiuri Shimbun (Jan. 30, 2011)
Bond downgrade a call to reform
国債の格下げ 財政再建の前進で信認回復を(1月29日付・読売社説)

The U.S. rating agency Standard & Poor's on Thursday downgraded long-term Japanese government bonds by one notch, from AA to AA minus.
 米国の格付け会社、スタンダード・アンド・プアーズ(S&P)が、日本の長期国債の格付けを「ダブルA」から「ダブルAマイナス」に1段階引き下げた。

Of course, we do not have to react with undue joy or alarm to ups and downs in the rating, as it is merely an evaluation a private company has made based on its own analysis.
 格付けは、民間会社が独自の分析に基づいて示した評価に過ぎず、一喜一憂する必要はない。

However, the current value of government bonds might drop and their interest rate might go up after the lowering of the rating, which is considered an indicator of creditworthiness. The government has to keep an eye on market trends.
 だが、国債の信用力の目安とされる格付けが下がると、国債価格も下がり、金利上昇を招く恐れがある。市場動向への警戒を続ける必要があろう。

Prime Minister Naoto Kan's government is planning to draft by June a plan to reform both social security and the tax system in an integrated manner. As the first step toward sound public finance, the government must stipulate a hike in the consumption tax rate in the draft plan to secure a stable revenue source.
 菅内閣は、社会保障と税の一体改革案を6月までにまとめる方針だ。安定財源を確保するため、そこに消費税率の引き上げを明記し、財政健全化への一歩を踏み出さねばならない。

We believe it is the only way to restore the credibility of the government bonds.
 それが国債の信認を回復する唯一の道である。

===

Details of diagnosis

S&P explained that it decided to downgrade the Japanese government bonds because the nation's fiscal debts are the worst among advanced economies and there seems to be no easy way to reduce them. The agency also cited prolonged deflation as another factor making elimination of the budget deficit difficult.
 格下げの理由をS&Pは、日本の財政赤字が先進国中、最悪のレベルで、今後も削減が容易ではないとみられるため、と説明している。長引くデフレも財政赤字の解消を難しくする要因に挙げた。

Furthermore, it said that the Democratic Party of Japan-led administration lacks a consistent strategy on the debt problem.
 さらに「民主党政権には債務問題に対する一貫した戦略が欠けている」とも指摘した。

S&P announced a year ago that it was likely to lower the rating of the government bonds. The company apparently has watched the actions of the government since then and concluded that it was neither sufficiently serious about nor capable of taking measures toward fiscal rehabilitation.
 S&Pは、1年前に格下げを予告している。その後の政権の対応を見る限り、財政再建に向けた本気度や実行力が足りないとの判断に至ったようだ。

In fact, though tax revenues are 41 trillion yen, the issuance of government bonds amounts to 44 trillion yen in the fiscal 2011 budget. This abnormal situation of debt issuance exceeding tax revenues has continued since fiscal 2010.
 実際、2011年度予算は、41兆円の税収に対し、国債発行額が44兆円にのぼる。借金が税収を上回る異常事態は2年連続だ。

Total long-term debts of the central and local governments will reach 892 trillion yen by the end of fiscal 2011. This is more than 1.8 times the gross domestic product, ensuring that Japan will maintain its status among the world's advanced economies as the one in the worst fiscal condition.
 国と地方の長期債務は、11年度末で892兆円に及ぶ。国内総生産(GDP)の1・8倍を超えており、先進国の中で最悪の状況が続くことになる。

===

Taxes must rise

To defuse the situation, the Kan Cabinet must launch drastic measures to increase tax revenues.
 こうした事態を打開するためにも菅内閣は、思い切った増収策を打ち出す必要がある。

The downgrade could be interpreted as a prompt for the administration to carry out such measures swiftly and surely.
 格付けの引き下げは、その着実な実行を“催促”したものと受け止めることもできよう。

Japanese government bonds are now rated lower than those of Spain--which faces its own fiscal uncertainty--and at the same level as those of Kuwait and China. However, Japan's situation is different from those of Greece and Ireland, where downgrades have fueled economic confusion.
 日本の国債の格付けは、財政不安を抱えるスペインを下回り、中国やクウェートと並んだ。だが、格下げで経済の混乱に拍車がかかったギリシャやアイルランドなどとは事情が違う。

A calm response is required in the case of Japanese government bonds because 95 percent of them are stably absorbed domestically.
 日本の国債は、95%が国内で安定的に消化されている。冷静な対応が求められる。

The prime minister was criticized for saying, "I don't know much about this kind of thing" in reference to the downgrade. He later said he simply meant he had not received detailed briefings on the issue.
 菅首相は格下げについて「そういうことに疎い」と発言、批判された。「詳しく聞いていない」との趣旨だったと釈明している。

In any case, however, we have to say that Kan's remarks were indiscreet coming from the prime minister, who should take the lead in fiscal rehabilitation.
 財政再建に指導力を発揮すべき首相の言葉としては、不用意だったと言わざるをえまい。

(From The Yomiuri Shimbun, Jan. 29, 2011)
(2011年1月29日02時04分 読売新聞)
[PR]

by kiyoshimat | 2011-01-30 06:53 | 英字新聞

オバマ演説―寛容と品位を求めた

2011/01/28
--The Asahi Shimbun, Jan. 27
EDITORIAL: State of the Union
オバマ演説―寛容と品位を求めた

American coins are inscribed with the motto "E pluribus unum," a Latin phrase meaning "Out of many, one." It derives from the United States' fight for independence from Britain, and the unity of the 13 colonies that founded the nation. Now, however, it has a broader connection to the idea that the United States is made up of people from diverse racial and religious backgrounds.
 米国の硬貨には、ラテン語で「エ・プルリブス・ウヌム(多から生まれる一つ)」という標語が刻まれている。13の植民地が結束して独立を達成したことに由来するが、現在ではもっと広く、多様な人種、宗教からなる米国が統合されていることを指す。

U.S. President Barack Obama seemed to be aiming at a regeneration of that spirit of unity in the State of the Union address Tuesday in the U.S. House of Representatives.
 25日の米連邦議会で一般教書演説をしたオバマ大統領の念頭には、この国家理念の再生があったのではないか。

The Obama administration, which took power two years ago promising to deliver change, has passed the halfway mark of its current term. In last year's midterm election, his Democratic Party suffered a crushing defeat to the Republican Party, which now holds a majority in the House of Representatives.
 「チェンジ」の合言葉とともに2年前に誕生したオバマ政権は、折り返し点を迎えた。昨年の中間選挙で与党の民主党は大敗。下院の主導権を共和党に奪われた。

In the State of the Union address, Obama once again called for nonpartisanship, appealing to all parts of the political spectrum to realize that there is no realistic option other than to work together. In the context of the history of the United States, this represents much more than empty political rhetoric.
 内政・外交の基本方針を示す一般教書演説で、大統領は改めて超党派路線を呼びかけた。それは、両党の歩み寄り以外に現実に可能な選択肢がないことを意味しているのだが、歴史に照らすと、単なる政治的便宜主義を超えた意味がある。

Since the 1960s, American society has seen strong reactions among conservatives to the civil rights movement, the anti-war movement, feminism, and other waves of change. Those clashes have embroiled the country in a "culture war." The rift between conservatives and liberals has grown, and Congress, where bipartisan compromise had once been a matter of course, has turned into a battleground of fundamentalisms. The grass-roots conservative Tea Party movement has spread across the nation. Radio talk shows and the Internet are amplifying the hatred.
 1960年代以降の米社会は、公民権運動、反戦運動、女性解放をめぐるフェミニズムの動きなどに、保守層が激しく反発し、文化戦争の様相を呈してきた。保守とリベラルに二極化した社会の亀裂は深まるばかりで、党派を超えた歩み寄りが当たり前だった議会は今や、原理主義の戦場となった。各地で草の根保守の茶会旋風が吹き、ラジオのトークショーやインターネットの言論が憎しみを増長させている。

The president, who was born to a white mother and an African father, tried to position himself as "a bridge" linking different ideas and cultures. However, the health-care reform bill on which he staked his administration's fate has been labeled as "socialist." It barely made it onto the statute book, and then only after a significant revisions. There are no signs of the rift in U.S. politics narrowing. Discord peaked with the shooting of a Democrat congresswoman in Tucson, Arizona, earlier this month. Some liberals have blamed radical speech by the conservatives. Conservatives have hit back at liberals, saying they are using a crime by a mentally disturbed person for political gain.
 白人女性とアフリカ人男性の間に生まれた大統領は、単に黒人の立場を主張するのではなく、異なる主義や文化をつなぐ「ブリッジ」を目指して政権に就いた。しかし、政権の命運をかけた医療保険法は「社会主義」のレッテルを貼られ、かろうじて修正成立したものの分極化は止まらない。先のアリゾナ州トゥーソンの民主党議員狙撃事件で、対立は頂点に達した。リベラル派は保守派の過激な言論が背景だと言い、保守派は精神病患者の犯罪を政治利用しているとなじった。

A speech by the president mourning the shooting victims was a breakthrough in this difficult situation. Recounting stories of each victim's life, he called on the nation to transcend partisan differences and to recover civility in public discourse. He called on U.S. society to live up to the ideals of the victims of the shootings. The speech has been described as his best since taking office.
 この難しい局面を打開したのが、大統領の追悼演説だった。凶弾に倒れた一人ひとりのかけがえのない人生の物語を紡ぎながら、党派を超えて犠牲者たちの願いにふさわしい品位を社会に取り戻そうと訴えた。就任以来最も優れた演説だと評価されている。

A spirit of compromise has also been apparent in policies such as the lowering of corporate tax rates. An extension of tax breaks for the wealthy, accepted by the president at the end of last year, was also a concession to the Republicans. At the same time, the president also showed his toughness in winning approval for a U.S.-Russian nuclear disarmament treaty.
 歩み寄りは、法人税率の引き下げなど政策でも表れた。大統領が昨年末に受け入れた富裕層に対する優遇税制の延長は、共和党への妥協である。その取引の中で、米ロの核軍縮条約の承認を勝ち取るしたたかさも見せた。

The United States is not the only country where political rhetoric has intensified and deteriorated, or where the art of compromise has been lost. Intolerance is a disease common to advanced democracies. It is a self-destructive illness. The United States' struggle over the ideals encapsulated by the motto "E pluribus unum" (out of many, one) is also our own problem.
 政治のレトリックが激化、そして劣化し、妥協の技術が失われているのは米国だけではない。不寛容は先進民主主義国共通の病であり、社会を自壊させかねぬ病理である。多様でありながら一つである、という米国の理念をめぐる格闘は我々の課題でもある。
[PR]

by kiyoshimat | 2011-01-29 05:03 | 英字新聞

代表質問 対決だけの政治は機能しない

The Yomiuri Shimbun (Jan. 28, 2011)
Politics cannot function on confrontation alone
代表質問 対決だけの政治は機能しない(1月27日付・読売社説)

Politics will continue to malfunction under the current divided Diet, in which the House of Councillors is controlled by the opposition bloc, if the ruling and opposition sides remain at loggerheads unnecessarily.
 衆参ねじれ国会の下、与野党がいたずらに対決するばかりでは、政治の機能不全が続くだけだ。

Both need to work in a constructive manner, cooperating on certain points when necessary.
協調すべき点では協調する、という建設的な対応が与野党双方に求められる。

Interpellations began Tuesday in the Diet for party representatives to grill Prime Minister Naoto Kan on the policy speech he delivered Monday, the first day of the current regular Diet session.
 菅首相の施政方針演説に対する各党代表質問が始まった。

Sadakazu Tanigaki, president of the main opposition Liberal Democratic Party, harshly criticized the Democratic Party of Japan over its pledges for the House of Representatives election in 2009, saying the DPJ had committed "the biggest deliberate violation of a campaign platform in the history of constitutional politics."
 自民党の谷垣総裁は、民主党の衆院選の政権公約について「憲政史上最大の確信犯的な公約違反」と厳しく批判した。

Tanigaki made his confrontational attitude toward the Kan administration clear, demanding an early dissolution of the House of Representatives for a snap general election.
"[The government and the ruling party] must admit the mistakes in the election pledges, apologize to voters and seek a voter mandate," Tanigaki said in the Diet.
 さらに、「公約の過ちを認め、有権者におわびしたうえで信を問い直すべきだ」として、早期の衆院解散・総選挙を要求し、菅政権との対決姿勢を鮮明にした。

Kan riposted, insisting that many election pledges have been implemented or the process to realize them begun, and rejected early dissolution of the lower house.
 菅首相は、「公約の多くは実施・着手されている」と反論し、早期解散を否定した。

However, the prime minister also said he plans to "examine" the election pledges by September and that in the event he revised the pledges, he would carefully explain to the public to obtain their understanding.
ただ、今年9月までに公約を「検証」し、「見直す時は、国民に丁寧に説明し、理解を得たい」とも語った。

===

Election promises kaput

We consider the prime minister's perception to be too rosy. In its election pledges, the DPJ claimed it would be possible to squeeze out 16.8 trillion yen in fiscal resources by reorganizing allocations in the more than 200 trillion yen state budget. However, it is already apparent that the election pledges have fallen apart.
 首相の認識は甘い。200兆円余の総予算を組み替えれば、必要な16・8兆円の財源を捻出できるとした公約の破綻は既に明白だ。

If the prime minister still obstinately insists that he will "examine" the pledges, he is simply procrastinating.
それでも「検証」と強弁するのは問題の先送りでしかない。

Given that the government will compile plans for comprehensive tax reform, including a consumption tax hike, in June, it would be reasonable for the government to comprehensively review election pledges in parallel with the tax system. We urge the government to make a fresh start, frankly admitting its past mistakes and offering apologies to the public.
 6月に消費税を含む税制抜本改革案をまとめるなら、それと並行して公約の全面見直しに取り組むのが筋である。過去の誤りを率直に認め、国民に謝罪することから出直しを図るべきだ。

Tanigaki grilled the prime minister about the appointment of Kaoru Yosano as state minister in charge of economic and fiscal policy in a recent Cabinet reshuffle, asking whether there are conflicting opinions within the Cabinet.
 谷垣総裁は、与謝野経済財政相の入閣について「閣内不一致はないか」と追及した。

Kan dodged the question. "It won't be possible for the Cabinet to be in disagreement by the time the reform plan is compiled in June," he said.
首相は、6月に成案を得る段階では「内閣の不統一はあり得ない」とかわした。

As Tanigaki pointed out, however, Yosano supports a consumption tax hike and is hardly in step with DPJ members. As Kan is the one who appointed Yosano to the Cabinet, he must expedite efforts to unify opinions within the government as a step toward the goal of incorporating a consumption tax hike in the tax reform plans.
 谷垣総裁の指摘通り、消費税率引き上げを持論とする与謝野氏と民主党の足並みがそろっているとは言い難い。首相は、与謝野氏を入閣させた以上、消費税率引き上げを改革案に盛り込む方向で意思統一を急がねばなるまい。

===

LDP must make an effort

Kan renewed his call to Tanigaki to hold cross-party talks to realize unified reform of social security and tax systems. However, Tanigaki effectively rejected the proposal, setting dissolution of the lower house as a precondition.
 首相は、社会保障と税の一体改革での与野党協議を改めて呼びかけたが、谷垣総裁は、衆院解散が条件として、事実上拒否した。

Tanigaki apparently concluded that if the LDP agrees to hold negotiations with the ruling bloc and compile reform plans together, it would only benefit the Kan administration. But the LDP will not be able to fulfill its role as a responsible party if it refuses to budge.
 協議に応じ、成案をまとめれば、結局は菅政権の得点となってしまう、という判断だろうが、それだけでは責任政党と言えない。

Even if the LDP wins the next lower house election and retakes the reins of government, it will still face difficulties in steering the upper house. Given the current seat composition in the upper house, the LDP will be a minority ruling party there even if it forms a coalition with New Komeito, meaning it will have to deal with the divided Diet.
 仮に自民党が衆院選で勝利し、政権を奪還しても、今の参院の議席構成のままでは、たとえ公明党と連立を組んでも、少数与党となり、ねじれ国会に直面しよう。

To avoid such an unproductive development, it will be necessary to establish the practice of ruling and opposition parties cooperating with each other to a certain degree on key policy issues.
 そうした不毛な展開を避けるには、重要な政策課題では与野党が一定の協力をする慣例を作る必要がある。

As an initial step to establishing such a framework, it will be essential for the Kan administration to make bold concessions. We advise the LDP, for its part, not to act solely for its own party interests.
それには、まず菅政権が政策面で大胆な譲歩をすることが欠かせない。自民党も、党利党略優先の対応は自制してほしい。

(From The Yomiuri Shimbun, Jan. 27, 2011)
(2011年1月27日01時49分 読売新聞)
[PR]

by kiyoshimat | 2011-01-28 04:15 | 英字新聞

在沖縄米軍基地 負担減を普天間移設の一歩に

The Yomiuri Shimbun (Jan. 27, 2011)
Slowly but surely, ease Okinawa's burden
在沖縄米軍基地 負担減を普天間移設の一歩に(1月26日付・読売社説)

Slow but steady efforts must be made to reduce the burden shouldered by residents of Okinawa Prefecture in hosting U.S. military bases there, a task that needs to be fulfilled to relocate the U.S. Marine Corps' Futenma Air Station in the prefecture.
 米軍基地負担の軽減策を地道に積み重ね、普天間飛行場の移設実現につなげねばなるまい。

On Tuesday, the national and prefectural governments held another round of talks on policy issues related to U.S. bases. At a section meeting on how to alleviate the burden of hosting bases, the central government reported on the recent agreement reached between Tokyo and Washington over a plan to transfer some exercises involving fighter planes from Kadena Air Base in the prefecture to Guam. The accord can be viewed as an effort to ease the suffering endured by residents due to noise pollution from the Kadena facility.
 政府と沖縄県による沖縄政策協議会の米軍基地負担軽減部会で、政府は、嘉手納基地の戦闘機訓練の一部をグアムに移転するとの日米合意を報告した。周辺住民の騒音被害の軽減を図るものだ。

Also in Tuesday's meeting, the government told prefectural and other officials it was shifting into high gear in negotiations with the U.S. administration over an earlier bilateral accord on the Gimbaru Training Area. The government emphasized its determination to ensure that the agreement, reached on the return of the training site to Japan in 1996, would be implemented in July.
 1996年に日米が合意していたギンバル訓練場の全面返還についても、政府は、今年7月の実現を目指し、米側との交渉を本格化させていると説明した。

There is no question that residents of Okinawa Prefecture have long been forced to endure an excessive burden, providing an overwhelming 75 percent of the land occupied by U.S. military bases and other facilities in this country.
 在日米軍基地の75%が集中する沖縄が、過重な負担を強いられていることは論をまたない。

Meanwhile, the significance of the U.S. armed presence in the prefecture is even greater today, given the severity of the recent security environment surrounding Japan and East Asia.
一方で、最近の日本と東アジアの安全保障環境は厳しく、米軍が沖縄に駐留する意義は大きくなっている。

===

Even small steps important

The latest agreement on the transfer of some exercises from the Kadena base, as well as the envisaged return of the Gimbaru site, point to the significance of making even the slightest headway in reducing the burden on the prefecture and obtaining support and cooperation for these actions from local residents. Doing so is indispensable for securing U.S. forces' stable use of military installations in the prefecture.
 今回のような訓練移転や施設返還を通じて、沖縄の負担軽減を一歩でも進め、周辺住民の理解を広げることは、米軍基地の安定使用を確保するうえで欠かせない。

The Japanese government must continue to explore various ways of alleviating the burden born by residents in the prefecture and eventually achieve those goals.
 政府は引き続き、様々な基地負担軽減策を追求し、実現していくことが求められよう。

Since last month, Prime Minister Naoto Kan and several Cabinet members associated with the base issue have visited Okinawa Prefecture.
 先月以降、菅首相や関係閣僚の沖縄訪問が相次いでいる。

This comes after the Kan administration was often inclined to put off dealing with all intractable base-related problems, so we believe his government merits praise for beginning to seriously address the issue of U.S. bases in the prefecture.
 菅政権は従来、難題をすべて先送りする姿勢が目立っていたが、沖縄の米軍基地問題に真剣に取り組み始めたこと自体は、前向きな動きと評価していい。

There is no doubt that the relocation of the Futenma installation is the most important task for the government in resolving the base issue.
 無論、最も重要なのが普天間飛行場の移設問題である。

It will be no easy task for the Kan administration to make sure the prefectural government retracts its continued demand that the Futenma heliport be relocated outside the prefecture. Still, it is essential for it to make progress in resolving the Futenma dispute, a task that must be accomplished to help reduce the burden shouldered by residents near the heliport and restore trust in the Japan-U.S. alliance.
 沖縄県側は、「県外移設」を主張しており、翻意させるのは簡単ではない。だが、普天間飛行場周辺住民の負担軽減と、日米同盟の信頼性回復の両方の観点から、問題を前進させることが大切だ。

With this in mind, the government must earnestly work to ease the burden shouldered by the prefecture as a whole and at the same time promote the development--economic, industrial and otherwise--of the prefecture, thus mending its tattered relations with local leaders and residents. This should be complemented by persistent efforts to persuade them to accept the government plan to relocate the Futenma base within the prefecture.
 沖縄県全体の負担軽減や沖縄振興に誠実に取り組み、地元との関係を着実に修復する。そのうえで、普天間飛行場の県内移設について粘り強く説得を重ねる――。

All this is an obligation to be fulfilled by the Democratic Party of Japan-led government, which has created the current difficult situation involving the Futenma controversy.
 それが、普天間問題の困難な現状を招いた民主党政権のとるべき道であり、責任だろう。

===

Cabinet needs united voice

It is disturbing to see that Cabinet ministers related to the base issue are far from united in addressing the Futenma dispute.
 疑問なのは、関係閣僚の足並みが乱れていることだ。

Foreign Minister Seiji Maehara is hurrying to obtain a final government decision about matters related to the construction of an alternative facility for Futenma. For instance, he has reportedly insisted on dropping one of two alternatives presented in an earlier report compiled by specialists from the Japanese and U.S. governments concerning how to arrange runways at a planned new airfield, and called for adopting the other as the construction method for the project.
The report proposed two possible construction methods--one requiring two runways to be placed in a V-shaped configuration, and the other designed to build an extended runway in what is called the I-shaped format.
Maehara's approach is apparently aimed at laying the groundwork for a successful trip to the United States by the prime minister in the spring.
 前原外相は、V字案とI字案がある滑走路配置方式の一本化など、普天間飛行場の代替施設計画の決定を急いでいる。今春の菅首相訪米の環境整備が狙いである。

The foreign minister's stance contrasts with the negative view expressed about his idea by Defense Minister Toshimi Kitazawa. "I will not adopt a crude approach in which the Japanese and U.S. governments bypass Okinawa in making decisions," Kitazawa has said.
 だが、北沢防衛相は、「沖縄の頭越しで日米が物事を決める稚拙な対応はしない」と否定的だ。

It should be remembered that the Futenma issue became utterly confused partly because members of former Prime Minister Yukio Hatoyama's Cabinet repeatedly expressed different positions. Kan needs to ensure that Cabinet members related to the issue of relocating Futenma speak with one voice.
 閣僚がバラバラな言動を繰り返したことが、鳩山前政権が普天間問題を迷走させた一因だった。菅首相は、早期に関係閣僚の意思統一を図る必要がある。

(From The Yomiuri Shimbun, Jan. 26, 2011)
(2011年1月26日01時17分 読売新聞)
[PR]

by kiyoshimat | 2011-01-27 06:04 | 英字新聞

施政方針演説 政策実現へ周到な戦略で臨め

国民(市民、民衆)はマスメディアの報道の暗示にかかりやすい。
新聞社はとくにこの点に気をくばるべきだ。
我々一般市民は、やはり自分の目先の利益を追求するかたちが正当じゃないでしょうか。
消費税を引き上げるのはやめて欲しいし、高速道路は無料にしてほしい。
子供手当ても満額回答して欲しい。
これでよいと思います。
マスメディア主導の暗示にかかる必要はさらさらない。

一昨年我々が民主党を選んだときの心意気を忘れてはならない。
子ども手当でいえば、産みやすい環境をつくり、育ちを助けること。
民主党の公約は、高齢者に比べて手薄だった子どもへの投資を増やそうとする点では間違ってはいなかった。
それは、高齢者を支える世代を強めることにもつながる。

(スラチャイ記)

The Yomiuri Shimbun (Jan. 26, 2011)
Govt must earn opposition's help
施政方針演説 政策実現へ周到な戦略で臨め(1月25日付・読売社説)

Prime Minister Naoto Kan must have a well-prepared strategy, beyond merely hoping for cooperation from opposition parties, to realize important policies.
 重要な政策での協議をただ野党に求めるだけでなく、実現への戦略を持って臨むべきだ。

Kan made his first administrative policy speech on the opening day of the ordinary Diet session Monday. He called on the opposition camp to take part in consultations to resolve such pending issues as integrated reform of the social security and tax systems and whether to join negotiations over the Trans-Pacific Partnership free trade agreement.
 通常国会が開幕し、菅首相が、初めての施政方針演説を行った。社会保障と税の一体改革や環太平洋経済連携協定(TPP)参加問題など懸案を解決するため、野党に協議に応じるよう呼びかけた。

Given a divided Diet in which the ruling coalition parties have less than a two-thirds majority in the House of Representatives while the House of Councillors is controlled by opposition parties, cooperation with the opposition camp is indispensable to passing budget-related and other important bills through the Diet.
 衆参ねじれ国会の下、予算関連法案や重要法案を成立させるにも野党の協力は欠かせない。

We do not dispute the need for the prime minister's seemingly desperate call for cooperation.
切羽詰まった感のある首相の主張に、異論はない。

Will Kan make thorough preparations and exhibit determination to work out a consensus within his Democratic Party of Japan to obtain agreement from the opposition parties that have been cranking up their confrontational stance toward the DPJ-led government?
 問題は、民主党内をまとめ、対決色を強める野党からも合意を得るだけの周到な準備と強い意志が首相にあるかどうかである。

Kan has announced a plan for the government and ruling parties to determine the direction of social security reform in April and put together a reform plan also involving the tax system in June.
 首相は既に、政府・与党として4月に社会保障改革の方向性を出し、6月に税を含む改革案をまとめる考えを明らかにしている。

===

Present concrete measures

Unless the government and ruling parties present concrete measures, the opposition camp cannot be expected to join policy consultations.
 政府・与党が、具体的な方針を示さなければ、協議を求めても、野党側は受け入れまい。

To expedite talks with the opposition, it is necessary for the ruling coalition parties to hold sufficient discussions on additional burdens to be borne by the people from as early as April--when they decide on the direction of social security reform--to seek the people's understanding on reforms they are going to promote.
 野党との協議を急ぐためにも、4月の段階から国民の負担増に関して十分議論し、国民にも正面から理解を求める必要がある。

In his policy speech, Kan said the ruling and opposition parties "share the awareness of issues and many points of contention." His perception is reasonable. The opposition camp, for its part, has no reason to refuse to enter into talks with the ruling parties.
 首相は演説の中で、与党と自民、公明など野党との間に「問題意識と論点の多くは共有されている」と述べた。妥当な認識である。野党側も協議を拒否する理由はないのではないか。

Concerning another major political issue, Japan's potential involvement in the TPP negotiations, Kan said his government would draw a conclusion on the matter in June. The government needs to expedite efforts to build a consensus in favor of taking part in the multilateral TPP negotiations, which have been accelerating under the leadership of the United States.
 もう一つの大きな政治課題であるTPPへの参加問題について、首相は6月をめどに結論を出すと言明した。しかし、米国の主導で関係国のTPP交渉は加速している。交渉参加への合意形成を急ぐ必要があるだろう。

Definitely lacking in the prime minister's speech was a sense of crisis over state finances, which have been deteriorating with combined debts of national and local governments ballooning to a staggering 868 trillion yen at the end of the current fiscal year.
 首相の演説で、決定的に欠けていたのは、国・地方の借金残高が今年度末で868兆円にものぼる国家財政への危機感だ。

===

Review policy goals

In its 2009 general election campaign platform, the DPJ pledged to make highway tolls free and to provide public handouts, such as child-rearing allowances. But it is now clear the government cannot afford such measures. The DPJ should drastically review its platform, which said it would be possible to secure fiscal resources for such policies if wasteful spending was slashed under a DPJ-led government.
 高速道路の無料化や子ども手当などバラマキ政策を続ける余裕はない。無駄を見直せば財源を生み出せるとしてきた政権公約を抜本的に改めるべきだ。

In regard to the DPJ's slogan of "lawmaker-led politics," the party has just reflected on and revised its stance of eliminating bureaucrats from the process of policymaking and coordination, which it admitted went overboard.
 民主党の看板である「政治主導」については、政策立案・調整から官僚を排除してきたことが行き過ぎだったと自ら反省し、見直したばかりではないか。

If the DPJ demonstrates its willingness to carry out a sweeping review of its campaign platform, it will help the government secure smooth functioning in the split Diet.
 政権公約を大胆に修正する意思を明確にすることが、ねじれ国会を乗り切る手だてにもなる。

Kan concluded his speech by saying the public expects the Diet to hold a constructive debate and draw conclusions promptly. He called on all Diet members to make this Diet session a "forum of in-depth deliberations."
 首相は、演説の最後で、国民が国会に期待するのは建設的な議論と、先送りせず結論を出すことだと述べ、今度こそ「熟議の国会」にしようと全議員に訴えた。

He is quite right. We do not want to see a repetition of the unproductive extraordinary Diet session that ended early last month.
 その通りである。臨時国会の二の舞いは見たくない。

(From The Yomiuri Shimbun, Jan. 25, 2011)
(2011年1月25日01時30分 読売新聞)
[PR]

by kiyoshimat | 2011-01-26 07:22 | 英字新聞

How to get profit with affiliate

3年に及ぶアフィリエイト活動に対する卒業試験です^^。

スラチャイ今月の成果 (as of 2011/01/23) (バナ記者)



How to get profit with affiliate.
アフィリエイトで収益を得るための手順(マニュアル)

1) アフィリエイト掲載用ブログを用意する
現在日本で運営されているブログサイトの一部です↓



ASPに契約申請をする時点で、すでに一カ月間ほどのブログ記載(入力)が完了しているのが望ましいです。

2) ASP (affiliate service provider) (電子商取引仲介者)と契約する
現在日本で運営されているASPの一部です↓





3) バナ記者になる (A8.net記者になる)
ASPはたくさんありますが、紹介記事で収入を得ることのできるものが望ましい。
A8.netとバナーブリッジ(バナ記者)がお勧めです。


http://track.bannerbridge.net/click.php?APID=29215&affID=51762&siteID=117048


http://px.a8.net/svt/ejp?a8mat=1HPN4B+BUADWY+0K+108VB5

4) 商品紹介記事を書いて収入を得る
紹介記事を書く前に商品を十分研究してから記事を書く。
へたな記事を書くと命取りになります。

5) 捕らぬ狸の皮算用
どのくらい稼げるか試算してみました。

バナ記者の場合:
30ブログ運営している場合では、
3500*30=105000円になります。

A8.netの場合:
日本最大手のASPです。
紹介記事の数も半端じゃないです。
こころを引き締めてかかればバナ記者以上に稼げると思います。

6) 秘訣
ASP担当者と親しくなることです。
仕事を回してくれさえすればバナ記者だけで一ヶ月100000円の収入も可能だということです。


[PR]

by kiyoshimat | 2011-01-25 23:17 | 英字新聞

自民党大会 政策で責任政党の役割果たせ

The Yomiuri Shimbun (Jan. 25, 2011)
Opposition LDP must take responsible policy role
自民党大会 政策で責任政党の役割果たせ(1月24日付・読売社説)

As long as it aims to retake the reins of government, the Liberal Democratic Party must responsibly involve itself in tackling impending issues such as whether to raise the consumption tax rate and join negotiations over the Trans-Pacific Partnership free-trade agreement.
 政権奪還を目指す以上は、責任政党として、喫緊の課題である消費税率引き上げや環太平洋経済連携協定(TPP)参加の問題などにも積極的にかかわっていくべきだ。

In its annual convention Sunday, the LDP adopted an action plan to retake power as quickly as possible by pushing the Democratic Party of Japan-led government into dissolving the House of Representatives for a snap general election.
 自民党が定期党大会を開いた。民主党政権を衆院解散・総選挙に追い込み、早期に政権復帰を果たすとする運動方針を採択した。

LDP President Sadakazu Tanigaki took a confrontational stance toward the government led by Prime Minister Naoto Kan, saying: "We'll grill the DPJ-led government over its policy failures. It's our responsibility as a fighting opposition party."
 谷垣総裁は「民主党の失政を徹底的に追及する。戦う野党としての責務だ」と述べ、菅政権への対決姿勢を強く打ち出した。

But it can hardly be said the party has fully recovered its strength, as its action plan mentions it is too early to conclude that its stunning victory in last summer's House of Councillors election meant the voters want the LDP to return to power.
 しかし、運動方針が、昨夏の参院選勝利は「政権に戻ってこい」との有権者の意思表示と見るのは早計、と書いている通り、党勢が回復したとは言いがたい。

In recent opinion polls, more people have picked the LDP over the DPJ as the party they would vote for in the lower house proportional representation bloc election. But it is reasonable to attribute this preference to the DPJ's failures. The LDP needs to play a role to check the DPJ-led government as well as to make steady efforts to regain public trust.
 最近の世論調査で、衆院比例選の投票先として民主党を上回っているのも“敵失”が要因と見るべきだろう。自民党は、民主党政権を厳しくチェックするとともに、国民の信頼を取り戻す地道な努力を重ねることが必要である。

===

Rigid stance doesn't help

It is indispensable for the LDP to show a constructive stance on policy matters that could determine the nation's fate because it would have to tackle these issues if it regained power.
 特に、国の命運を左右するような政策課題では、建設的な姿勢を示すことが大切だ。政権に復帰すれば、直ちに取り組まねばならない課題ではないか。

Tanigaki said at the party convention the DPJ must give up on the policies outlined in its campaign platform for the 2009 lower house election as a prerequisite for suprapartisan talks on reforming the tax and social security systems.
 谷垣総裁は大会の中で、税制・社会保障改革を巡る超党派協議について、民主党による衆院選政権公約の「撤回」が協議に入るための「前提」との考えを示した。

He also complained that Kaoru Yosano, a former LDP lawmaker and currently state minister in charge of economic and fiscal policy, has assumed the post in charge of these issues.
 自民党出身の与謝野経済財政相がこの問題に関する司令塔になったことにも反発した。

It is true that many of the government's policies, such as cash handouts for child-rearing and other allowances, must be reexamined. But if the LDP clings to the position of not consulting with the government unless the DPJ gives up on the policies in its campaign platform, there will be no progress in discussions about key issues.
 子ども手当などのバラマキ施策をはじめ、多くの点で見直しが必要なのは確かだ。しかし、撤回しない限り協議に応じない、というのでは議論が先に進まない。

The LDP must enter into talks with the ruling coalition without setting any conditions if the latter compiles and offers concrete measures on tax and social security system reforms. The LDP also should put aside its grudge against Yosano.
 政府・与党が税制・社会保障改革に対する具体的な見解をまとめて提示してくるなら、前提をつけずに協議の席につくべきではないか。与謝野氏へのわだかまりも脇に置くべきだ。

===

Why no reference to TPP?

It is beyond our understanding that the LDP's action plan does not refer to participation in the TPP. Its secretary general, Nobuteru Ishihara, said before that the party would clarify its position on the matter in March.
 運動方針にTPP参加問題への言及がないのも解せない。石原幹事長は以前、3月中に賛否をはっきりさせると言明したはずだ。

Many LDP lawmakers fear the party will lose votes if it pushes TPP participation, a policy strongly opposed by agricultural organizations.
 党内には、TPP参加を打ち出した場合、これに断固反対を訴える農業団体が離反して票を失うと懸念する議員が多い。

If the LDP hesitates to clarify its position on the TPP issue for that reason, it is not qualified to criticize the ruling coalition parties. The LDP, for its part, must promptly work out an intraparty consensus in favor of TPP participation.
 それが理由で態度を曖昧にするなら、与党を批判できまい。自民党もTPP参加の方向で早急に党内の意見をまとめるべきだ。

The issue over the relocation of the U.S. Marine Corps' Futenma Air Station in Okinawa Prefecture has been left pending since the LDP was in power.
 外交面でも、米軍普天間飛行場の移設問題は、自民党が積み残した課題である。

The LDP cannot avoid criticism for being irresponsible if it sticks only to criticizing the DPJ.
 民主党をただ批判するだけでは無責任のそしりを免れない。

(From The Yomiuri Shimbun, Jan. 24, 2011)
(2011年1月24日01時11分 読売新聞)
[PR]

by kiyoshimat | 2011-01-25 07:53 | 英字新聞

膨張中国 経済力に見合った責任を果たせ

China must fulfill intl responsibilities
The Yomiuri Shimbun (Jan. 24, 2011)
膨張中国 経済力に見合った責任を果たせ(1月23日付・読売社説)

China, which is on the way to superpower status with its economic wealth and military strength, has become increasingly assertive.
 豊かな経済力と強大な軍事力を後ろ盾に、超大国への道を歩む中国が自己主張を強めている。

Moves by this rising nation have the potential to bring structural changes to the balance of power in the Asia-Pacific region.
 興隆著しい中国の動きは、アジア太平洋地域における勢力分布に構造的変化をもたらしかねない。

 ◆南シナ海に権益拡大

While calling on Beijing for self-restraint, Japan must join hands with neighboring countries and show a resolute stance against China if it takes any actions aimed at achieving hegemony.
 日本は中国に自制を求めつつ、覇権的な行動があれば、近隣諸国と連携し、毅然(きぜん)とした対応を取ることが肝要である。

In early January, the Chinese government announced a policy of quickly enacting maritime laws to strengthen the policing of its waters.
 中国は今月上旬、海洋法規の立法化を加速させ、海上取り締まりを強化する方針を公表した。

Meanwhile, Beijing last spring expanded its claimed area of "core interests," which had been limited to Taiwan and Tibet, to the South China Sea.
 昨年春には、台湾とチベットに限っていた「核心的利益」の適用範囲を南シナ海にも拡大した。

===

Freedom of seas paramount

Concerning this development, U.S. President Barack Obama stressed in front of Chinese President Hu Jintao at a joint press conference, held Wednesday after U.S.-China summit talks, that the United States has a fundamental interest in "maintaining freedom of navigation" in East Asia.
 これに関し、オバマ米大統領は先の米中首脳会談後の記者会見で、中国の胡錦濤国家主席を前に、「東アジアでの自由航行権の確保」は米国にとって重要な利益だ、と強く訴えた。

The South China Sea is an important area where the interests of Japan, Southeast Asian countries and the United States coincide. Beijing's stance of treating the area as if it were China's own territory cannot be tolerated.
 南シナ海は東南アジアや米国、日本など各国の利害が錯綜(さくそう)する重要な海域だ。これを自国領のように扱う中国の姿勢は、断じて受け入れられるものではない。

China's defense spending has seen double-digit increases every year for 21 years through 2009. Its navy and air force now have greatly enhanced hardware at their command.
 中国国防費は、一昨年までの21年間、2ケタ増を記録し、海、空軍の装備も大幅に強化された。

China is said to be pursuing a long-term maritime strategy. Its initial aim is to gain command of the seas and airspace inside the so-called "first island chain," a strategic defense line that runs from the Japanese archipelago to the South China Sea via Okinawa Prefecture and Taiwan.
 中国は長期的な海洋戦略を立てている。日本列島―沖縄―台湾―南シナ海を結ぶ「第1列島線」の内側で、制海権や制空権を確保するのが当面の目標だ。

To achieve this goal, Beijing has developed an antiship ballistic missile dubbed an "aircraft carrier killer" and is building a few aircraft carriers of its own. It also has carried out trial flights of a next-generation stealth fighter.
 そのため“空母キラー”と言われる対艦弾道ミサイルを開発し、複数の航空母艦を建造中だ。次世代ステルス戦闘機の試験飛行も始めている。

The country also wants to expand its military control to the "second island chain" that runs from the Ogasawara Islands down to Guam, beyond the East China Sea. This is to keep U.S. forces at bay in the western Pacific, with the eventual absorption of Taiwan in mind.
 さらに台湾統一を念頭に、西太平洋への米軍の接近を阻止すべく「第2列島線」まで軍事的支配を拡大させることを狙っている。

Japan's Senkaku Islands are located in an area within the "first island chain" where China is developing oil fields beneath the seabed.
 尖閣諸島は「第1列島線」の内側に位置し、中国が海底油田の開発を進めている海域でもある。

===

Strong response appropriate
 ◆経済力背景に強硬姿勢

Since a Chinese fishing boat rammed two Japan Coast Guard patrol ships in waters off the Senkaku Islands in September, China has frequently dispatched fisheries patrol boats to the area, apparently based on its maritime strategy.
 昨年9月の中国漁船衝突事件の発生以降、中国が尖閣近海に漁業監視船を頻繁に送り込んでいるのも、こうした海洋戦略に沿ったものだろう。

It was appropriate that the government decided to enhance the defense of the Nansei Islands and the other islands in the new National Defense Program Outline adopted at the end of last year.
 政府が昨年末、新たな「防衛計画の大綱」を決定し、南西諸島など島嶼(とうしょ)防衛の強化を打ち出したのは適切な判断だった。

It is also reasonable that the Japan Coast Guard is seeking revisions, including enhancement of maritime police authority, to relevant laws to strengthen its patrol and warning systems in response to the incident off the Senkaku Islands.
 また、海上保安庁が尖閣での事件を受け、海上警察権の強化など関係法令を改正し、監視や警戒態勢を強めることも当然である。

Through diplomatic channels, the government must also demand that China honor Article 1 of the Japan-China Peace and Friendship Treaty, which says that each country shall respect the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the other.
 互いの主権と領土保全の尊重を決めた日中平和友好条約1条の履行を中国側に求める日本の外交努力も欠かせない。

Meanwhile, for the sake of regional security including the safety of sea lanes, Tokyo must further deepen its partnerships with Australia, India, South Korea, the United States and other countries that share its concerns over China's military buildup.
 米国や韓国、豪州、インドなど中国の軍備増強に懸念を共有する国々と、海上交通路の安全確保など域内の安全保障分野で一層、連携を深めなければならない。

China recently has started taking a harder stance because it has changed its diplomatic policy.
 最近、中国が特に強硬な姿勢を示すようになったのは、外交方針を変更したためだ。

Beijing has recently emerged from 20 years of following a policy, advocated by late Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping, of keeping a low profile without showing its true colors.
 これまでの過去20年余りの方針は、最高権力者だったトウ小平氏が唱えた、実力を隠して低姿勢を保つという「韜光養晦(とうこうようかい)」だった。

The policy aimed to avoid friction with other countries and concentrate the nation's resources on domestic development as socialism ebbed away with the collapse of the Soviet Union.
 ソ連崩壊で社会主義が退潮したため、対外的摩擦を避け、国内建設に集中する狙いがあった。

However, the Hu administration changed this policy in the summer of 2009 to a diplomatic stance of voicing its national interests more loudly.
 しかし、胡錦濤政権は一昨年夏、自国の国益を積極的に主張する外交姿勢へと切り替えた。

The biggest reason for this change was China's accumulation of economic power, with a gross domestic product that was set to overtake that of Japan for the rank of second-largest in the world.
 国内総生産(GDP)が日本を抜いて世界2位になった、と確実視されるほど経済力を蓄えたことが一番の理由だろう。

With its wealth of foreign currency reserves, China has become the largest purchaser of U.S. Treasury bonds. Also, the country has recently been purchasing government bonds of some European countries in fiscal crisis.
 豊富な外貨準備を使って、米国国債の最大の購入国となっているのに加えて、最近は財政危機にあえぐ欧州諸国の国債まで買い付ける勢いだ。

===

China faces domestic unease
 ◆総合的な対中戦略を

Members of China's current leadership under Hu, chief of the Chinese Communist Party as well as president of the country, are likely to retire at the party congress to be held in autumn 2012. Xi Jinping, vice president of the country, is likely to succeed to the post of general secretary.
 胡党総書記(国家主席)が率いる現指導部は、来年秋の共産党大会で引退し、習近平国家副主席に総書記を引き継ぐと見られる。

In China, a small number of businesspeople, along with government and party bureaucrats, monopolize wealth and power, while some of the public continues to suffer from dire poverty.
 中国では、少数の実業家と党・政府官僚が富と権力を独占する一方で、国民の一部は貧困にあえいでいる。

Frustration within Chinese society over widespread corruption, oppression of ethnic minorities such as Tibetans and Uighurs, and other issues is said to be approaching its limit.
 汚職の蔓延(まんえん)や、チベット族やウイグル族への少数民族弾圧などで、社会の不満は限界に近づいているとされる。

If China neglects political reform, puts priority only on economic development and continues a high-handed approach to its international relationships, it could become a destabilizing factor for East Asia.
 経済開発を優先して政治改革を怠り、高圧的な対外姿勢を続けるようでは、東アジアの不安定要因になりかねない。

The international community must patiently keep urging China to respect universal values such as democracy and human rights and to fulfill responsibilities commensurate with its national power.
 国際社会は、中国が民主主義・人権といった普遍的な価値観を尊重し、その国力に見合った責任を果たすよう、粘り強く働きかけて行かなければならない。

Japan needs to construct a new strategy against China based on a comprehensive vision including diplomatic, security and economic considerations.
 日本は、外交・安保、経済を含む総合的な観点に立った対中国戦略を構築する必要がある。

(From The Yomiuri Shimbun, Jan. 23, 2011)
(2011年1月23日01時13分 読売新聞)
[PR]

by kiyoshimat | 2011-01-24 04:12 | 英字新聞

尖閣沖漁船衝突 事件を総括し危機対応見直せ

The Yomiuri Shimbun (Jan. 23, 2011)
Learn Senkaku lessons: Beef up crisis control
尖閣沖漁船衝突 事件を総括し危機対応見直せ(1月22日付・読売社説)

Prosecutors in Tokyo and Naha brought two related incidents to their final legal conclusions Friday as they decided to indict neither the captain of a Chinese fishing boat that crashed into two Japan Coast Guard patrol ships off the Senkaku Islands in Okinawa Prefecture last year nor the former JCG officer who leaked video footage of that incident onto the Internet.
 尖閣諸島沖の中国漁船衝突事件と、元海上保安官によるビデオ映像流出事件の捜査は、元保安官と中国人船長がともに不起訴(起訴猶予)となることで終結した。

There were multiple problems with the entire process of the government's handling of the two cases--from the arrest and release of the Chinese captain to the splash the leaked video made on the Internet.
 中国人船長の逮捕から釈放、さらにビデオ流出に至る過程で、政府の対応には極めて問題が多かった。

The government must now take this opportunity to improve its crisis management and information control policies by fully and closely examining the development of the two cases.
これを機に、政府は事件全体を総括し、危機対応や情報管理の見直しを進めねばならない。

Prosecution authorities decided not to indict the former JCG officer, whose papers had been sent to the Tokyo District Public Prosecutors Office on suspicion of violating his duty to preserve secrets under the National Civil Service Law. They did so in consideration of several points, including the fact that every employee at the JCG could view the footage in question due to sloppy handling by the JCG.
 検察当局が、国家公務員法の守秘義務違反の疑いで書類送検されていた元保安官を不起訴にしたのは、問題の映像が海上保安庁のずさんな管理により、海保職員なら誰でも見られる状態にあった点などを考慮したためだ。

The former officer already resigned after he was given a 12-month suspension from duty. This probably also affected the decision.
 元保安官が停職12か月の懲戒処分を受け、既に辞職したことも影響したのだろう。

===

No official revelation

There was no doubt of the illegality of the actions of the Chinese fishing boat that rammed the JCG patrol vessels in Japanese territorial waters.
 日本の領海内で海保の巡視船に体当たりした中国漁船の違法行為は、疑う余地がなかった。

Despite that, the government did not make the video footage recorded by the JCG public immediately after the incident and thus missed the chance to use it to convince the world of the legitimacy of Japan's arrest of the captain.
にもかかわらず政府は、事件直後に映像を公開せず、日本側の正当性をアピールする機会を逃した。

The government continued to refuse to reveal the footage to the general public. Such inaction virtually invited the video leak to occur.
 その後もビデオの一般公開を拒み続け、結果として元保安官によるビデオ流出を招いた。

It is crystal clear that the government made bad judgments.
 政府の判断ミスは明白だ。

Opposition parties passed censure motions against former Chief Cabinet Secretary Yoshito Sengoku and former Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism Minister Sumio Mabuchi in the House of Councillors.
 仙谷由人前官房長官と馬淵澄夫前国土交通相は参院で問責決議を可決された。

In the eyes of the public, some politicians would have to take responsibility for the cases. Thus, it is safe to say that this current of public opinion supported the opposition parties' demands that the two ministers be removed from office.
両者の更迭を求める野党の姿勢を、政治のけじめなしでは済まされない、という世論が支えたと言える。

Clearly, the government must immediately tackle the task of improving its information control system. As the video leak case shows, information can spread across the Internet in the blink of an eye. The government must provide a thorough education in ethics to public servants concerning the handling of information.
 情報管理態勢の整備を急ぐことは言うまでもない。ビデオ映像流出が示す通り、ネット上で情報が瞬時に拡散する時代である。情報の取り扱いに関する公務員の倫理教育も徹底すべきだ。

===

Political settlement surely made

Meanwhile, Naha prosecutors said Friday they decided not to indict the Chinese captain for reasons including the fact that there were no injuries in the incident.
 一方、中国人船長については、検察は衝突で負傷者が出なかったことなどを不起訴理由に挙げた。

However, we believe that prosecutors had already decided not to pursue criminal punishment of the captain when he was released and sent back to China, even though the case against him had not officially been dropped at that point.
だが、処分保留のまま釈放し中国に送還した時点で、刑事罰は問わないとの結論を事実上出していたというのが実情だろう。

It is still not known exactly what happened in the process leading up to the captain's release. The government has called it an independent decision by the prosecutors. But we believe a political settlement must have been made on the matter due to pressure from China--including the detention of Japanese company employees in that country.
 釈放の経緯は不透明なままだ。政府は検察独自の判断だったと説明しているが、日本人社員の拘束など中国側の圧力で政治決着が図られたことは間違いあるまい。

We would like the government to seriously consider the fact that it has caused the Japanese people to doubt the independence of the justice system.
 司法の独立に対する不信感を国民に与えたことを、政府は深刻に受け止めてもらいたい。

Another necessary step is the strengthening of the JCG's activities in guarding the nation's territorial waters.
 無論、海保による領海警備も強化する必要がある。

The Senkaku collision case has raised various issues that the government has to consider in the fields of diplomacy and national security.
 漁船衝突事件は、外交・安全保障の面で、様々な課題を突きつけた。

How should Japan build relationships hereafter with China, which is making increasing territorial claims and expanding its military presence on the sea? We again urge the government to study this question from a political viewpoint, learning valuable lessons from the two incidents.
外洋進出を強める中国との関係を今後どう築いていくのか、政治的な観点からも事件を教訓にした検討が改めて求められよう。

(From The Yomiuri Shimbun, Jan. 22, 2011)
(2011年1月22日01時20分 読売新聞)
[PR]

by kiyoshimat | 2011-01-23 04:46 | 英字新聞