原発賠償指針 被害救済を着実に前進させよ

The Yomiuri Shimbun (Aug. 7, 2011)
Govt must ensure progress on N-disaster compensation
原発賠償指針 被害救済を着実に前進させよ(8月6日付・読売社説)

The government has worked out a set of interim guidelines stipulating the range of compensation for damage caused by Tokyo Electric Power Co.'s Fukushima No. 1 nuclear plant.

This is a step toward full-fledged compensation for the nuclear crisis.

The nuclear accident has caused thousands of people to evacuate or close their businesses, so the economic cost of the disaster will be colossal.

The government and TEPCO must steadily implement the relief measures called for by the guidelines.

The government's Dispute Reconciliation Committee for Nuclear Damage Compensation compiled a second set of guidelines in late May.

These guidelines suggested requiring TEPCO to pay compensation for, among other things, evacuation costs, the mental trauma suffered by affected people and damage to farmers caused by radiation scares.
The latest interim guidelines have expanded the scope of compensation to include damage caused to tourism companies by cancellations by foreign travelers, and losses resulting from foreign countries' restrictions on Japanese imports. (この部分の英訳、日本語と細かな部分で異なる)


New guidelines reasonable

The interim guidelines call for compensation payments to cattle farmers in 17 prefectures for financial losses caused by halted beef shipments and consumer fears that were stirred up when beef from cattle fed rice straw contaminated with radioactive cesium was shipped.

We think providing compensation for a broad range of nuclear crisis-linked damage is fair.

The range of people entitled to receive compensation has been substantially expanded compared with provisional payments made so far.

The compensation costs will skyrocket, and getting the cash into people's pockets will require more manpower.

In addition, the guidelines could be reviewed at some point and the range of redress coverage expanded again.

TEPCO estimates compensation claims, including those in connection with nuclear scares, will number 400,000 to 500,000.

The utility's department in charge of compensation payments will be increased to more than 5,000 personnel from 1,000 now, and will start handling claims in September.

TEPCO will determine payout amounts by examining whether individual claims meet criteria spelled out in the guidelines.

There likely will be times when the utility has to make tough decisions about whether some people are eligible to receive compensation, and how much they should get.


Establish support body quickly

Many people are hoping to receive financial relief as quickly as possible.

Negotiations between TEPCO and disaster victims could become very emotional.

Above all else, the compensation procedure must proceed without a hitch.

For this purpose, the compensation system should be strengthened as the need arises.

Disaster sufferers dissatisfied with TEPCO-proposed payments can seek arbitration through the dispute reconciliation committee.

Indications are that many of these cases may not reach an agreeable solution, so they will end up in the courts.

We hope the courts and other parties in the judiciary will prepare to quickly and efficiently settle compensation-related disputes.

TEPCO is short of cash as the costs of stabilizing the crippled reactors and buying fuel for thermal power generation rise.

It is imperative that the government financially supports TEPCO to keep the compensation process on track.

A law creating a new government-backed organization tasked with securing funds to help TEPCO pay compensation has recently been enacted.

The government must quickly craft a compensation payment support framework by setting up the envisioned organization and securing the money needed to keep it functioning.

(From The Yomiuri Shimbun, Aug. 6, 2011)
(2011年8月6日01時16分 読売新聞)

by kiyoshimat | 2011-08-08 04:12 | 英字新聞

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