カダフィ氏殺害 国民和解を優先し民主化を

The Yomiuri Shimbun (Oct. 23, 2011)
Libya must pursue national reconciliation for democracy
カダフィ氏殺害 国民和解を優先し民主化を(10月22日付・読売社説)

Moammar Gaddafi, who reigned as supreme leader in Libya for 42 years, has been killed.

The Arab Spring wave of protests and revolutionary change across North Africa and the Middle East has at last brought an end to the age of Gaddafi, eight months after the outbreak of civil war in Libya.

Libya's National Transitional Council (NTC), an organization of anti-Gaddafi forces, has announced Gaddafi was killed in a gunfight after being captured by anti-Gaddafi fighters in his hometown of Sirte, where he had been hiding.

Although an arrest warrant had been issued by the International Criminal Court against Gaddafi on charges of crimes against humanity as he cracked down relentlessly on his opponents, he died without being brought to justice in a courtroom.

Gaddafi's demise will likely influence the situations in such countries as Syria and Yemen, where iron-fisted presidents have been clinging to power in a bid to keep their dictatorial regimes alive in the face of popular opposition.


Start from scratch

Having achieved control over almost all of the country, the NTC is expected to release a declaration of the entire nation's liberation as early as Saturday.

Libya's top priority from now on will be swiftly building a post-Gaddafi political system.

Since the country lacks such fundamental political elements as a constitution and an elected parliament, Libya must start almost from scratch.

The NTC itself, a group cobbled together from a variety of forces, is far from cementing the unity of its participants.

Although the NTC attempted to launch a provisional government in September, the effort failed because of differing views about how to form a cabinet lineup.

Conflicts have already been seen between secular forces that favor Europe and the United States, and Islamist forces, along with power struggles stemming from deep-rooted rifts between regions and tribes.

If those who were involved in Gaddafi's rule are too strictly excluded from the process of forming a new Libyan political system, the country's confusion could deepen all the more.

National reconciliation is now of the utmost importance for the sake of establishing a provisional government as quickly as possible in the runup to setting democratic time schedules, including dates for elections.

The restoration of public security in the conflict-torn country is also vitally important.

The NTC must incorporate militiamen, police and military forces from various factions under its umbrella into a unified system of command and help develop their human resources.

Another concern is that large quantities of firearms, including portable ground-to-air missiles, were scattered across the country during the civil war.

There is an urgent need to collect and properly dispose of such weapons.


Roles of Britain, France

Libya is a resource-rich country, ranking eighth worldwide in confirmed oil deposits.

We strongly hope that Libya, on the strength of this natural wealth, will take the path toward a political system guaranteeing freedom and fundamental human rights so the Libyan people will be able to truly enjoy the fruits of democracy.

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization played a crucial role in the fall of the Gaddafi regime, especially through British and French air strikes.

Britain and France, therefore, should act responsibly in the forthcoming process of creating a new Libyan government and in shoring up the process of the country's democratization.

Japan, too, should contribute to helping Libya rebuild.

Foreign Minister Koichiro Gemba has expressed Japan's readiness to extend humanitarian assistance in the field of medical services.

Japan, in contrast to Europe and the United States, is not burdened by a legacy of complicated relations with Libya, leaving it significant room to work out aid to that country in its own unique way.

(From The Yomiuri Shimbun, Oct. 22, 2011)
(2011年10月22日01時04分 読売新聞)

by kiyoshimat | 2011-10-24 08:49 | 英字新聞

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